Basic obedience training is a must for all dog owners. Why? Because it helps train your dog to recognize you as his main authority figure, a human parent, and a pack leader.
When practiced in your daily routine, it enforces more harmonious family-pet relationships and helps prevent or minimize the occurrence of pet-related safety risks.
Not only that, obedience training will either foster better dog behavior or reinforce existing positive habits in your dog.
You know you’ve got an obedient dog if you issue a single command and he’ll obey it at once.
It may seem challenging at first because practicing basic obedience training techniques also requires plenty of discipline on your part.
The good news is that it doesn’t have to cost you money, nor do you need to enroll your furry friend in an obedience school.
In order to train your dog properly, you’ll need some in-depth verified research on basic obedience training techniques, an easy-to-follow daily and weekly plan for your home exercises, and a clear set of behavioral goals.
You’ll also have to take into consideration your dog’s temperament – your dog training methods must be easy and simple to follow according to his language, not yours.
To establish better dog behavior, we’ve compiled a list of basic commands that your dog can learn. These can be taught in as little as 7 days.
Sit / Down
Usually, the first command that’s taught in any basic obedience training exercise is “Sit” or “Down.” This will train your dog to stay in place for a short while. It also helps curb impulse control and excitability.
The ability to immediately follow a “Sit” command is usually associated with an obedient dog.
For instance, say “Sit” or “Down” before you set their food dish down at mealtime. Or before you hand them a treat. Or if you don’t want them running around a busy, such as your kitchen.
“Sit” or “Down” can also be commanded when you need to pick up your dog’s waste during a walk, or when he must stay in the place near ongoing traffic.
It’s also important to train your dog with waiting when he needs to get out of your way for a short while.
This is important in certain situations such as when you need to hold the door open for someone else. Or if he gets overexcited about anyone opening a door and tends to barge through it (which can be a safety risk around young children and the elderly).
In obedience training, “Wait” is a temporary command, but it can greatly help with impulse control issues. Try to practice this during the same situations that generally trigger his inability to wait for his turn, like walking through an open door or giving him food.
It’s not necessary to take your pooch to an obedience school for him to learn the command, “Stay.”
This is an extended form of “Wait.” It communicates to your dog that he must stay where he is while you go, and he should still be there until you return. Not only does it teach him to master his impulses better, but it’s also one of the effective obedience training techniques for relaxation and calm.
If you are outside where there is busy traffic, “Stay” can actually help prevent your dog from getting into a life-threatening accident.
You can train your dog with this command right at home by gradually extending the time you are away from him, and by rewarding him each time he complies.
This is one command that doesn’t need to be spoken aloud. Instead, you can use physical gestures and cues to train your dog to stay in a particular place for a limited time. This exercise will enforce better dog behavior in situations where there are guests or people are gathered together in a room.
For example, use a small, comfortable rug to establish the “Place” command. Once you lay out the rug in a designated space for your pooch, say, the living room, he should automatically stay there while everyone else has dinner, or convenes in another room. Afterward, reward him with a small treat for being an obedient dog.
You may come up with your own recall word to call your dog with: “Come,” “Here,” “Here, boy,” or anything else that’s up to two syllables. It should be easy to say, easy to hear, and easily associated with approaching you with just one command.
During your daily routine, you can incorporate recall words into your basic obedience training exercises at home, any time your dog isn’t distracted with any other activity. This teaches him both to respond to a specific command to approach you AND to focus better on your leadership.
Leave It / Drop It
“Leave It” or “Drop it” is a quick command that can be used to stop your dog from performing a certain action, before he does it. Whether he’s about to chew on a piece of furniture, chase a squirrel, or eat something he’s not supposed to, this is one of those preventive basic obedience training techniques that you need to train your dog with.
Once you’ve mastered working with basic obedience training techniques, try expanding your dog’s repertoire with custom commands to fit your routine and his specific needs. Remember, enforcing better dog behavior is your main goal, built upon a foundation of several healthy behaviors formed by good dog training.
These spoken commands may also be supplemented with specific physical gestures, in the event you are unable to speak. For instance, try extending your arm in front of you, palm facing down while commanding your dog to “Sit.” (He must be positioned in front of you and watching your actions when you do this).
Once he learns to associate that particular gesture with sitting down, all you need to do is to quietly extend your arm out front and he will immediately comply.